The naked woman standing at the cross embodies Bohemia; she wears a white headdress hanging over her shoulder, the end of which bears the crest of the double-tailed lion, the symbol of Prague. The red-capped male figure bending over her is the Spirit of the French Revolution. Here, the Spirit has just released the ropes that were binding her to the cross; these allude to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He is now giving her a kiss of encouragement.
The painting celebrates a spiritual bond between the two countries through their aspirations to liberty.